Roosevelt, Wilson, Carter among former Nobel Peace Prize winners
UNDATED (AP) -- President Barack Obama is the third sitting U.S. president to win the Nobel Peace Prize.
The first was President Theodore Roosevelt. He received the award in 1906 and was also the first American winner.
President Woodrow Wilson was awarded the prize in 1919 for his role in founding the League of Nations. The institution ultimately failed, but served as a forerunner of the United Nations.
Former President Jimmy Carter won the prize but not until 2002, more than 20 years after he left office. Carter was recognized for his mediation in international conflicts. The Nobel committee chairman said afterward that Carter's award should be seen as a "kick in the leg" to then-President George W. Bush's hard line in the buildup to the Iraq war.
In all there are now 21 U.S. Nobel Peace laureates, including former Vice President Al Gore, Martin Luther King Jr. and Henry Kissinger.
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