Despite the cold spring, mosquitoes are on the way - WKOW 27: Madison, WI Breaking News, Weather and Sports

Despite the cold spring, mosquitoes are on the way

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MADISON (WKOW) -- With warmer weather on the way, it's time to start thinking about avoiding bites and the risk of the West Nile Virus.

When these cooler temperatures finally let up, it will wake up the dormant population of mosquitoes that may potentially carry the West Nile Virus.

The virus was first identified in 1937 in Uganda and slowly made its way to the United States , showing up in New York City in 1999.

 In nature, the virus cycles between birds and mosquitoes.  Infected birds can carry large amounts of the virus in their blood stream that can be transmitted to mosquitoes during biting; in turn, the bite of an infected mosquito can transmit the disease to humans and other mammals. 

But after humans are infected, the disease cannot be transmitted person to person.

To prevent mosquito bites, limit your time outside at dawn and dusk, when the pests are most active, apply insect repellant, make sure your windows and door screens are in good shape to prevent mosquito entry, and properly dispose of items that hold water, like tin cans, plastic containers, ceramic pots etc. to prevent mosquito breeding.

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